|Neon pothos under planting.|
|Cylindrical sansevieria under planted with variegated pepperomia obtusifolia.|
The most important point, though, is to choose plants that have the same soil and moisture needs. Putting pothos or philodendron under a cactus will result in the certain death of the cactus. Keeping the pothos or philodendron watered correctly would rot the cactus. The under planting above with the sansevieria and pepperomia works well because they are both succulents and need the same growing conditions.
|Neon pothos under spathiphyllum.|
In the picture above, the neon pothos is perfect for the spathiphyllum. In the picture below, the syngonium looks great under the variegated rubber plant. All of these plantings are at Kingwood Center in Ohio.
|Variegated rubber plant under planted with syngonium.|
In the picture below, there is a grass-like plant (Carex or Liriope) under a Manihot esculenta 'Variegata'. This was at Phipps Conservatory in Pittsburgh.
|Manihot esculenta 'Variegata'|
|English ivy under a Hemp palm.|
The ivy under planted with the hemp palm adds a lot to the container. It softens the edge of the pot and covers the bottom of the palm. The above and below plantings were at Longwood Gardens in PA.
|Gerber daisies and Algerian ivy under a palm at Longwood Gardens.|